The plants are started from propagules made from parts of mature stems. These authors also reported the occurrence of hermaphrodite flowers, although at a very low frequency (0.2%). A capitulum or head, the characteristic inflorescence of the sunflower family (Asteraceae). An Inflorescence of the hybrid polyploid type. Pistillate flowers are restricted to the base of the inflorescence. In wild species the young stem frequently has a varying degree of pubescence, a character rarely encountered in the cultigen cassava (Grattapaglia et al ., 1986). In cassava, flowering is associated with fork-type branching which occurs via outgrowth of axillary meristems subtending the shoot apical meristem (Perera et al. (Purseglove, 1988). Some morphological and agronomic characteristics of stems and their variability in cassava. Habit: A glabrous or sparingly pubescent shrub. The sweet cassava contain less linamarin or cyanogenic glucoside which known as toxic substance in cassava. The inflorescence is formed at the insertion point of the reproductive forking [].The forking of cassava affects the canopy development, yield, and dry matter partitioning [4,6,7], and is related to increasing the leaf area index (LAI) values and cassava yield [7,8,9]. Stem: Up to 5 m tall, the shoot show apical dominance which suppress the development of secondary shoot. An indigenous yellow cassava clone. Root: Tap root converted into tuber, usually 5-10 storage roots. Of the two types of inflorescence Cymose inflorescence is more primitive and Racemose is derived. Sprouting of the buds below the inflorescence allows … Perera et al. … Depending on the tribe, the inflorescence may consist of ray flowers, disk flowers, or both ray and disk flowers. Growing cassava yuca from start to harvest can take up to 18 months. Cassava: Procedures jor growth analysis outlines some of the steps involved in destructive and non destructive growth analysis. This is not because it is higher in sugars than other varieties, but because it is less poisonous. 35, each 1–2.8 cm long, light rusty woolly pubescent, each with 6–25 flowers; peduncle ca. It also provides guidelines for developing appropriate sampling protocols for the growth analysis of cassava. The weight of the cassava tuber were taken to be 31.50kg. In Côte d'Ivoire, cassava … Capsules about 2 cm subglobose to slightly rounded having prominent wings (This gene of prominent wings served as a morphological marker that came from cassava, see Figure 6). There are more than five thousand varieties of cassava but two common types of cassava are Bitter and Sweet cassava. "Sweet" Cassava. Gari, Nigéria. Figure 4. Peeled roots. UNB 700 An Indigenous clone known popularly by "Baiano" UNB 120. PRODUCTION OF CASSAVA OF STARCH FROM CASSAVA » ABSTRACT The fresh cassava were sources from Idodo in Nkanu Local Government of Enugu state. Varieties . Cassava breeding however is hindered by the poor development of flowers and female flowers in particular, since flower development is strongly skewed towards male flowers. Zeigler RS, Alvarez E, Lozano JC, 1983. In normal conditions, the percentage of female flowers within a cassava inflorescence is lower than 15% (Kawano, 1980; Ogburia and Okele, 2001). Inflorescence: Terminal or axillary racemes. There are other reported cases of cassava -like wild species. It is used by more than 800 millions of poor people ().Wild Manihot species are still untapped resources for the genetic enhancement of cassava. In this type of inflorescence the main axis does not end in a flower, but it grows continuously and develops flowers on its lateral sides in acropetal succession (acropetal (adj.) According to Aka (2009), cassava is the most important food crop in Africa with more than 113 million tons of tuberous roots and their processing products are consumed. Cassava must be peeled before being used and can vary in price, ranging from six to 10 times more than russet potatoes. World production amounts to about 100 million tons annually from 10 million hectares, of which Africa produces about 40 million tons from about 5 million hectares. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is one of the crops that have been conserved by farmers for decades, and it is thought to have been cultivated from 3000 to 7000 years ago in South America (Ng and Ng 2002).

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