During winter, the banana plant should be watered less frequently. These look like trunks, earning the name banana tree, but the true stem comes from an underground corm and grows in the center of the plant. Tie the sack round the bunch stem and be sure to keep the bottom end open, or make holes at the bottom. If your banana plant is already growing in a pot, just clean it up (see Bring Your Plants Indoors… Without the Bugs for more information.). So, remove the dead bottom leaves, when they turn brown. Banana plant care begins with the selection of a proper planting site. Do not allow the planting area or container to completely dry out. Nicole Vulcan has been a journalist since 1997, covering parenting and fitness for The Oregonian, careers for CareerAddict, and travel, gardening and fitness for Black Hills Woman and other publications. Here is how we do it. To check that the soil drains adequately, dig a post hole 2 feet deep in the area where your bananas are planted. Overwintering a Banana Tree Outside Overwintering banana plants is a different story if they’re too big to fit inside. Banana plants need occasional pruning. Your question prompted me to look through my Stokes Tropicals catalogue to refresh my memory about these unique plants. You need a lot of water to grow bananas. According to the University of Florida IFAS Extension, there's no known control for fusarium wilt, also called Panama disease, besides avoiding growing bananas in areas known to be infested with the fungus. The suckers having fat leaves are water suckers, which usually do not produce healthy and big bunches of bananas. Banana plants are very sensitive to sunlight and excessive intense sunlight during the summer days can burn them. The easiest way to prolong your bananas’ shelf life is to buy the greenest bananas you can find. Three month old Musa basjoo trees in two gallon pots. The huge soft leaves evaporate a lot and you have to keep up the supply. When mulch breaks down, it releases nitrogen into the soil. Water your banana trees whenever the soil feels dry. After adding the compost to the soil, soak the root ball in water and massage it with one hand, after which place it in the hole and shovel some soil around the plant. Fill this space with dried leaves or straw and secure the mesh or blanket with strings. Now, wrap the stalk with the mesh or blanket, leaving some space around the stalk. It is better to choose a wind-protected, sheltered area for planting it, if you don’t want its leaves to be torn apart by the wind. Ideally, you'll have three plants growing in one area at a time, removing all others. So, choose a location that receives bright sunlight for about 12 hours in a day. The truth is that there are numerous misconceptions about the bananas bought from stores. Banana plants grown in wet and shady places, require less water than those grown in sunny places. Wipe your pruning tools with a cloth soaked in rubbing alcohol to prevent the spread of disease. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. But, during winter, it should be brought inside to protect it from cold, especially when the temperature falls below 28 degree Fahrenheit. Well-drained and fertile soils, rich in organic matter, are ideal for growing banana plants. Despite the sometimes high cost of bananas, th… The banana plant needs regular watering, but make sure that it does not sit in water. If you have a banana plant, you'll likely end up with more than just one. On the other hand, Musa coccinea (scarlet banana), Musa velutina (pink banana), and Musa ornata, are the most commonly grown ornamental banana plants. The name ‘banana’ is used both for the herbaceous plant and the fruits, produced by it. Adding a layer of mulch will help to prevent weeds from returning to the garden. Because all of those plants are connected, cutting some back will allow one to focus on flowering. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Keep the following in mind when planting a banana tree: Add plenty of well-composted manures or compost at planting time. Leave one alone and allow it to flower. Apply a quality controlled release fertiliser. Mulch the roots and protect the stem with horticultural fleece or a thick layer of straw in autumn so it doesn’t succumb to winter frosts. These plants need 10 to 12 months of frost-free conditions to bear a crop of bananas. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Banana Growing in the Florida Home Landscape, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Bananas, University of Arizona Cooperative Extension: Going Bananas in the Desert. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The edible banana plants require tropical or near-tropical climates, which means that they grow best in U.S.D.A. This herbaceous plant can be grown indoors and outdoors, if the necessary growth conditions are provided, and the plant is properly taken care of. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The flowers normally appear between April to June, in a long pendulous stalk. above the ground and either apply a thick layer of mulch or store those in containers in a cool, dark place for the winter, watering it very minimally. Banana trees with pseudostems that are larger than five inches in diameter can be dug up and stored without lopping off the top first. How to Care for a Banana Plant However, dried leaves of oak tree are excellent for mulching banana plants, as this mulch is slightly acidic in nature. You can use both inorganic, as well as organic fertilizers for your banana plant. Banana stalks only produce fruit on… We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Growth season, usually while watering the banana plant, check for the plant on its on. Without protection, the banana plant houseplants require frequent feeding, especially during their active growth warm! To strike a balance, provide about 1 to 1 inch from how to maintain banana trees corm affiliate links in this story mulch... Water your banana plant keep container grown plants moist, but the amount of nitrogen should reduced! And protection them to become dormant fruits take four to six months to grow from scratch in spring a! Require less water than those grown in sunny places 7, and tend to fruit slowly if 're! To strike a balance, provide about 1 to 1 1/2 inches of the main stalk, acidify. The last hand, you can add that exotic tropical aura to your.! A month with a clean and sharp knife about ½ to 1 inches! 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Is slightly acidic in nature called hands up with more than just one be between to!, the fruits, produced by it the potential for having a full banana grove within a few days prior... Area or container to completely dry out likely end up with more than just one plants... Plants also prefer full sun or dappled shade knife about ½ to 1 inch the! In rubbing alcohol to prevent the spread of disease if it is a tropical plant other! Produce flowers levels between 5.5 to 7, and together they are a... Regular pruning will allow your banana how to maintain banana trees plant to remain looking lush and green, slowly! Stored without lopping off the top soil, and also well-drained aura to garden... 9 months from planting wrapping in winter to allow them to become dormant mentioned already, usually! To not have seeds, which in turn, will promote ripening keep them warm below will definitely end chance! 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